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Speeding up your ASP.NET Application

I read a post titled "Improve Web Application Performance". I expected to have a lot of information to add, but it's actually pretty comprehensive. I recommend reading it if you're developing a web application. One of my biggest complaints about most websites is that they're way too slow. In this day and age there is really no reason for that.

Analog Stopwatch

The only other optimization I have used in the past that isn't mentioned in the post, is removing whitespace. While it can make your life a little harder because of some layout glitches it might cause (which are fixable), it can often have a pretty big effect on your page sizes. On one of my websites, I saw an average of a 10-20% decrease in page sizes, even when gzip compression was turned on.

The easiest way to remove whitespace from your pages is to use an HTTP module. One solution is available here for free. You simply add the binary DLL, and reference it in your web.config file. It couldn't hurt to give it a try the next time you're writing an ASP.NET application.

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Quick and dirty reporting with the Google Chart API

On a recent project, I need a quick and dirty report that would give a breakdown of statistics for orders that have been placed. I didn't need any fancy drill down, hover help, or transition effects. This sounds like a perfect use for the Google Chart API! There is no limit on use. All you have to do is construct a URL containing your data, and that is the URL for an image containing your chart. Here is a sample of a chart that we're going to generate in this post:

Pie Sample

First, we need a quick way to generate the data. I used a SQL Server stored procedure, because I knew it would only take a matter of minutes to create. Here is an example of how I retrieved the data for 2 report sections:

--Paper Breakdown
Select IsNull(p.PaperName + ' (' + Cast(Count(o.PaperId) as VarChar(Max)) + ')', 'Unspecified'),
    count(o.PaperId)
From Orders o
Left Outer Join Papers p on o.PaperId = p.Id
Group By p.PaperName
Having Count(o.PaperId) > 0
--Style Breakdown
Select IsNull(s.Sku + ' (' + Cast(Count(o.StyleId) as VarChar(Max)) + ')', 'Unspecified'),
    count(o.StyleId)
From Orders o
Left Outer Join Styles s on o.StyleId = s.Id
Group By s.Sku
Having Count(o.StyleId) > 0

Then, I simply had to call the stored procedure, and put the data into a DataSet called "_data" (code not shown). Then, I wrote a quick method to get the URL for a Google chart:

private static string getPieChartUrl(DataTable dt)
{
    if (dt.Rows.Count == 0)
        return "";
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    sb.Append("http://chart.apis.google.com/chart?chs=600x200&cht=p"); //Base URL
    //Pie slice data
    StringBuilder sliceData = new StringBuilder();
    foreach (DataRow currRow in dt.Rows)
        sliceData.Append(currRow[1] + ",");
    sliceData.Remove(sliceData.Length - 1, 1); //Remove the trailing comma
    sb.AppendFormat("&chd=t:{0}", sliceData);
    //Pie label data
    StringBuilder labelData = new StringBuilder();
    foreach (DataRow currRow in dt.Rows)
        labelData.Append(currRow[0] + "'");
    labelData.Remove(labelData.Length - 1, 1); //Remove the trailing comma
    sb.AppendFormat("&chl={0}", labelData);
    return sb.ToString();
}

My ASPX page then has 2 image controls:

<h2>Breakdown by Paper Type</h2>
<asp:Image runat="server" ID="imgPiePapers" />
<h2>Breakdown by Style SKU</h2>
<asp:Image runat="server" ID="imgPieStyles" />

Then, simply wire up the data:

imgPiePapers.ImageUrl = getPieChartUrl(_data.Tables[0]);
imgPieStyles.ImageUrl = getPieChartUrl(_data.Tables[1]);

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Disable auto id's when copying ASP.NET controls

Don't you hate it when you copy an ASP.NET server control without an ID, only to have it add one when you paste it?

For example, look at this code:

<asp:RequiredFieldValidator runat="server" />
<asp:RequiredFieldValidator ID="RequiredFieldValidator1" runat="server" /></pre>

I took the first line, copied it and pasted it, and got the second line. It's rare that I need to reference a validator in my CodeBehind.

Here is the option to disable this functionality in the Visual Studio options (Tools->Options):

Disable Auto Ids Visual Studio

Simply uncheck the "Auto ID elements on paste in Source view" option.

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Jason Young I'm Jason Young, software engineer. This blog contains my opinions, of which my employer - Microsoft - may not share.

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